Ipecac Syrup is an over-the-counter emetic; it induces vomiting by both gastric irritation and central stimulation of the chemoreceptor trigger zone. The intended use is to induce vomiting in the early management of certain oral poisonings; individuals with eating disorders abuse it in attempts to induce vomiting when otherwise "unsuccessful". Toxicity can result from overuse and overdose. adverse effects include: myopathy, muscle weakness and pain, stiffness, hypotention and severe cardiac complications resulting in death. Abusers of Ipecac are given an EKG immediately to assess cardiac functioning.
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