B.F. Skinner's theory posits that learning is a function of the outcomes created by an individual's response to external stimuli. There are four types of Operant Conditioning: Positive and Negative Reinforcement strengthen behavior, Punishment and Extinction weaken behavior. This theory attempts to provide behavioral explanations for a broad range of cognitive phenomena and has been widely applied in clinical and educational settings. Certain types of operant conditioning may help caregivers overcome patients' resistance to therapeutic requirements during recovery. Source.
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